Architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya
Architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya

The city of Jaipur was founded on this date 294 years ago by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II of Amer. Jaipur is called the Pink City. Designed on 18 November 1727, it was not conceived by any Rajasthani or foreign architects, but Bengali Vidyadhar Bhattacharya (Chakravarti) from Naihati – West Bengal, who was its pioneer.

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Who is Vidyadhar Bhattacharya?

Vidyadhar Bhattacharya was the chief architect of that Jaipur city, whose original map still amazes people today, that in the 18th century India had an architect who could build such a beautiful and planned city. In realizing the dream of Amer Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh to establish this modern city, he played a key role. While his name is also referred to in many books as Vidyadhar Chakraborty. His parents were from West Bengal.

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Bengali Architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya
Bengali Architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya

Vidyadhar was an expert in mathematics, craftsmanship, astrology, and Sanskrit. Gaur-Brahmin by birth, ten of his Vedic ancestors had migrated to Jaipur when Durga Shila Devi was introduced, Amer-states Kuldevi, from Bangladesh. In fact, Vidyadhar’s ancestor was one of them. Vidyadhar remained under Sawai Jai Singh’s rule and was occasionally honored and rewarded after the death of the ruler in 1743.

Jaipur’s city planner and chief architect Vidyadhar didn’t need any introduction. Swai Jai Singh had complete faith in his intellect and abilities. Vidyadhar was given the assignment to build the new city of Amber when the idea of building it nearby arose in 1727. Jaising first named it ‘Sawai Jainagar’ after his own name, which later became shortened to ‘Sawai Jaipur’ and then shortened to ‘Jaipur’ in common speech.

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He divided Jaipur into different squares (quartets) as per Vastu Shastra based on right-angled routes, developed a specialized market for wares, and built many majestic constructions that are used as examples in many universities in India and abroad. The architectural planning of Le Corbusier’s Chandigarh draws heavily on the city planning of Jaipur.

A. A. Korotskaya of Russia has described in detail the distinctive architecture of Vidyadhar and Jaipur in his famous book City of India.

Vidyadhar’s prominence at the Jaipur court was such that his son Murlidhar Chakraborty was not only appointed to his father’s post but also given a jagir with an annual income of Rs 5000. This beautiful city, mapped by such a virtuous city planner, today has no descendant of the same architect who drew its blueprints.

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An enchanting garden based on the Mughal style of ‘Charbagh’ built-in Jaipur-Agra Highway. Their ancestral mansion is located in Vidyadhara’s Way in Tripolia Bazaar, continuing their legacy of preserving the memory.

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